Rand complains that Kant exempts consciousness from the Law of Identity. Can he do that and is he writing in setting up his epistemology and metaphysics that way? No more than yes, but there are caused and causeless exemptions to the Law of Identity and the attached Law of Causality that do occur predictably and unpredictably. And throw in conditions for randomness and chance, and we really have an open-ended mess. This all is the ontological outcome of my Law of Moderation.